Getting Started with Zustand: A Beginner's Guide to State Management

Getting Started with Zustand: A Beginner's Guide to State Management

State management is a crucial aspect of modern web development, especially when building complex applications. It helps manage and synchronize data across various components, making the application more robust and maintainable. Zustand is a lightweight state management library for React that aims to simplify state management and provide a seamless developer experience. In this beginner-friendly guide, we'll explore the basics of Zustand and learn how to use it effectively in your React applications.


Before diving into Zustand, it's helpful to have a basic understanding of React and JavaScript. Familiarity with concepts like components, props, and state will make it easier to grasp the concepts discussed in this guide.


To get started with Zustand, you need to have a React project set up. You can create a new project using Create React App or use an existing one. Once you have a React project, you can install Zustand using npm or Yarn:

npm install zustand


yarn add zustand

Creating a Store:

In Zustand, a store represents the global state of your application. It encapsulates the state and provides methods to update it. To create a store, you can use the create a function from Zustand:

import create from 'zustand';

const useStore = create((set) => ({
  count: 0,
  increment: () => set((state) => ({ count: state.count + 1 })),
  decrement: () => set((state) => ({ count: state.count - 1 })),

In this example, we created a store called useStore using the create function. The store defines an initial state with a count property and two methods, increment and decrement, to update the count.

Using the Store in Components:

To access the state and methods from the store in a component, we use the useStore hook provided by Zustand:

import React from 'react';
import { useStore } from './store';

const Counter = () => {
  const { count, increment, decrement } = useStore();

  return (
      <p>Count: {count}</p>
      <button onClick={increment}>Increment</button>
      <button onClick={decrement}>Decrement</button>

export default Counter;

In this example, we import the useStore hook from the store file and destructure the count, increment, and decrement from the store. We can then use them in our component to display the count value and handle button clicks.

Consuming the Store:

Zustand automatically re-renders components that use the store whenever the state changes. This enables us to build reactive applications without the need for additional boilerplate code. Whenever you modify the state using the store's methods, the relevant components will be updated automatically.

import React from 'react';
import ReactDOM from 'react-dom';
import { Provider } from 'zustand';
import Counter from './Counter';

    <Counter />

In the example above, we wrap our Counter component inside the Provider component provided by Zustand. The Provider makes the store accessible to all the components rendered within it.


Zustand is a powerful state management library that simplifies the process of managing state in React applications. By creating a store and using the provided hooks, you can easily share and update state across your components. Remember to install Zustand, create a store, and use the useStore hook to access and modify the state. With Zustand, you can build reactive and maintainable applications without much complexity.

This guide should provide you with a solid foundation to start using Zustand in your React projects. As you gain more experience, you can explore advanced features like middleware, selectors, and effects offered by Zustand to further enhance your state management capabilities. Happy coding!

Did you find this article valuable?

Support Ujjawal Chatterjee by becoming a sponsor. Any amount is appreciated!